Indian Economy - Major Programs of Development, Employment and Poverty Eradication
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Written by MYOD on Wednesday, 01 June 2011 00:00   
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Poverty and Unemployment are two major problems which India has been facing since her birth. Since Independence, all governments have launched many programs, schemes and projects for the eradication of these two major problems. Some important programs and schemes are given here.

 

 

 





Program/Scheme

 

Year of Launch

 

Aim/Objective

 

Agriculture & Rural Debt Relief Scheme (ARDRS)

 

1990

 

to exempt Bank loans up to Rs. 10,000 for rural artisans and weavers

 

Scheme of Urban wage Employment (SUWE)

 

1990

 

for urban poor

 

National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme

 

1991

 

to use black money by constructing low cost housing for the poor

 

National Renewal Fund

 

1992

 

for the employees of the public sector

 

Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)

 

1993

 

to provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in villages

 

Members of parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)

 

1993

 

for development works

 

Scheme for Infrastructural Development in Mega Cities (SIDMC)

 

1994

 

for water supply, sewage, drainage, urban transportation, land development and improvement slums projects in metro cities

 

District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)

 

1993

 

for financial assistance to rural people by district level authority

 

Mahila Samridhi Yojna

 

1993

 

to encourage rural women to deposit in Post office schemes

 

Child labour Eradication Scheme

 

1994

 

to shift child labor from hazardous industries to schools

 

Prime Minister Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program (PMIUPEP)

 

1995

 

to eradicate urban poverty

 

Mid day Meal Scheme

 

1995

 

for providing nutrition to students in primary schools to improve enrolment, retention and attendance

 

Group Life Insurance Scheme

 

1996

 

for rural areas to provide insurance cover in rural area at low premium

 

Swaran Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojna

 

1997

 

for urban employment

 

Bhagya Shree Bal Kalyan Policy

 

1998

 

for upliftment of female children

 

Annapurna Yojna

 

1999

 

for 10 kg food grains to elderly people

 

Swaran Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna

 

1999

 

for self employment in rural areas

 

Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojna

 

1999

 

for village infrastructure

 

Jan Shree Bima Yojna

 

2000

 

to provide insurance cover to BPL people

 

Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojna

 

2000

 

to fulfill the basic needs of rural people

 

Antyodaya Anna Yojna

 

2000

 

to provide food security to poor

 

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna

 

2000

 

to connect all villages with nearest pukka road

 

Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna

 

2001

 

for employment and food security of rural people

 

Universal Health Insurance Scheme

 

2003

 

to provide health insurance to rural people

 

National Food for Work Program

 

2004

 

for giving supplementary wage as foodgrains for work

 

Janani Suraksha Yojna

 

2005

 

to provide care to pregnant women

 

Bharat Nirman

 

2005

 

for development of India through irrigation, water supply, housing, road, telephone and electricity

 

National Rural Health Mission

 

2005

 

for providing accessible, affordable, accountable, quality health services to the poorest of the poor in remotest areas of the country

 

Rajeev Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojna

 

2005

 

for extending electrification of all villages and habitations and ensuring electricity to every household

 

Jawahar Lal Nehru national Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)

 

2005

 

to development the infrastructure in urban areas

 

National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (late Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme)

 

2006

 

to provide100 days wage employment for development works in rural areas

 

Rastriya Swasthya Bima Yojna

 

2007

 

to provide health insurance to all workers in unorganized area living below poverty line

 

Aam Aadmi Bima Yojna

 

2007

 

to provide insurance cover to the head of the family of rural landless households in the country

 

Rajiv Awas Yojna

 

2009

 

to make India slum free in 5 years

 

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) or SABLA Scheme

 

2010

 

for empowering adolescent girls in the age group 11- 18 years by bringing improvement in their nutritional and health status

 

 

 

 

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